Moving to Opportunity (MTO) is a major randomized housing mobility experiment sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Starting in 1994, MTO provided 4,600 low-income families with children living in public housing within some of the nation’s most disadvantaged urban neighborhoods the chance to move to private-market housing in much less distressed communities. Families were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a group offered a housing voucher that could only be used to move to a low-poverty neighborhood, a group offered a traditional Section 8 housing voucher, and a control group.
Publications with findings from the 10-15 year follow-up can be found here:
Launched in 1999 with co-Investigators Pamela Morris (New York University), Aletha Huston (University of Texas at Austin), Greg Duncan (University of California, Irvine) and dozens of other researchers, the Next Generation project examined the effects of income, employment and child care on children's developmental outcomes using data from over 8 studies of anti-poverty experiments--testing over 16 different policies-- conducted through the 1990s and early 2000s.